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Mexico City is geographically located in the Valley of Mexico. This valley, also known as the Valley of the Damned is a large valley in the high plateaus at the centre of Mexico. It has an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,349 feet). The Federal District of Mexico City is situated in central-south Mexico and it is surrounded by the state of Mexico on the west, north and east, and by the state of Morelos on the south. The city covers an area of around 1,485sq km (571 sq mi) with the elevation of 2,240m (7,349 ft).
Mexico City is situated in the tropical zone and lies at an altitude of 7,240 feet (2,230 m) above sea level. This high altitude largely determines the climate of Mexico City. The city experiences hot summers and mild winters with an annual average temperature of 64°F (18°C). It has very small seasonal changes. January is the coldest month and May is the warmest month while rainfall occurs mainly between June and October.
Before getting independence in the early 19th century, the city was under Spanish rule for three centuries. So it has an impression of Spanish culture. The great majority of the residents in Mexico City are Roman Catholic and it is also home to large communities of immigrants. The city can be easily divided into a middle and high-class area (south and west, including Polanco, Lomas de Chapultepec, Ciudad Satelite, Jardines del Pedregal and Santa Fe) and a lower class area to the east (Ciudad Nezahualcoyotl, Pantitlan, Chalco and Moctezuma). Though there are some problems about economic, social concerns and unemployment, the city still continues to grow as an impressive city in the world.