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The Zocalo - The Heart of Mexico City

Zocalo Mexico City panorama at nightfall
Credit: Uwebart / CC-BY-SA-3.0

The Zocalo is the main square, located in the heart of the historic city centre of Mexico City. Earlier the plaza was known as Main Square or Arms Square. 'Plaza de la Constitucion' is it's the official name today, but it is always referred to as the 'Zocalo'.

It was planned that a monument to be built at the square to honour independence, but only the zocalo (base) materialized. The base has since then been destroyed, but the name stuck.

At 830 x 500 feet, it is one of the largest public squares in the world. The Zocalo plaza has been a venue for many important events. It has been a witness to Mexican ceremonies, swearing-in of Viceroys, military parades, royal declarations, independence celebrations as well as religious festivals. Contemporary festivals of the Holy Week and Corpus Christi are also held here. It has been a venue for both national protest and national celebrations. It has also become a celebrated place to hold artistic and cultural endeavours.

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